Terms to Know #4 (Level 2A and 2B)

Phrase                                    a musical sentence

Half step                                one key to the very next key

Whole step                           made up of two half steps

Fermata                                 Hold the note longer than its value

Allegro                                   Fast and lively

Moderato                              Moderately

Andante                                 Walking speed

Ledger line                            A short line added above or below the staff for notes that are too high or too low to be written on the staff.

Arpeggio                                the tones of a chord played up or down the keyboard.

Pianissimo                             very soft

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